Contain filled with Red Wriggler bedding and worms; namely worms from their bedding, which contain Eggs, and baby worms, in Humus bedding.
2 Litre Container:
Consist of approx. 500 – 1,000 worms, eggs and baby worms.
Cost in Rands:
More About Red Wrigglers
Eisenia fetida (older spelling: foetida), known under various common names such as redworm, brandling worm, panfish worm, trout worm, tiger worm, red wiggler worm, red californian earth worm, etc., is a species of earthworm adapted to decaying organic material. These worms thrive in rotting vegetation, compost, and manure; they are epigean. They are rarely found in soil, instead preferring conditions that are inimical to some other worms. In this trait they resemble Lumbricus rubellus.
They have groups of bristles (called setae) on each segment that move in and out to grip nearby surfaces as the worms stretch and contract their muscles to push themselves forward or backward.
Eisenia fetida worms are used for vermicomposting. They are native to Europe, but have been introduced (both intentionally and unintentionally) to every other continent except Antarctica.
Red wigglers, or Eisenia foetida, are the best compost worms. Unlike your everyday night crawlers, they live well in close, highly populated conditions and don’t burrow. In nature, you would almost never find a red wiggler worm heading deep underground.
The redworm is known as “Natures Wonder Worker,” It eats its own body weight in compost daily. Healthy soil equates to a garden of plentiful fruits and vegetables. The redworm also makes a delicious bite sized hi-protein treat for any aquarium fish or reptile; or for Trout and Pan fishermen.
As with other earthworm species, Eisenia fetida is hermaphroditic. However, two worms are still required for reproduction. The two worms join clitellums, the large orangeish bands which contain the worms’ reproductive organs, and which are only visible during the reproduction process. The two worms exchange sperm. Both worms then secrete cocoons which contain several eggs each. These cocoons are lemon-shaped and are pale yellow at first, becoming more brownish as the worms inside become mature. These cocoons are clearly visible to the naked eye.
Worms for worm farming are not the same as those found in your garden. Special composting worms work best as they thrive in the rich, moist conditions of a wormery. Common compost worms are called Tiger Worms, Red Wrigglers and Indian Blues. Earthworms are hermaphrodites: each worm has both male and female sex organs. They have no eyes, but sense vibrations, light and temperature through special organs in the skin. They breathe through their skin and expel urine through special pores. Each adult worm can produce up to 12 babies per week. If worms don’t like their conditions, they will try to leave. If they don’t find a new home in composted material, they will die.
Noble Earthworm as Living Soil Soldiers
Unlike caterpillars or the wormlike larvae of many insects, they are true hermaphrodite worms that produce eggs, but also sperm used to fertilise other worms. More importantly, earthworms fertilise the earth, which would be a very infertile, sterile place without them. Earthworms are most numerous in grassland, where there is plenty of food and no soil disturbance.
The population declines drastically where the ground is cultivated, unless no pesticides and little nitrogen fertiliser is applied, but abundant compost is used. Where its tolerance of soil acidity is exceeded, vegetation residue accumulates as a mat on the surface and eventually becomes peat. In healthy grassland the population can be as high as 7,5 million or 1 800kg of earthworms per hectare.
Not only do they increase drainage and aeration and convert dead plant material into new plant food, contributing to the formation of topsoil, they also contribute to shaping the landscape.
They continually churn up soil and their familiar casts left on the surface slowly bury the past. From daily collections of worm casts it has been established that depending on locality, earthworms can bring between 18t/ha and 45t/ha of soil to the surface annually.
Without taking the effect of erosion into account this can be as much as 10cm of new soil on the surface per decade, eventually covering stones and everything else.
This is one reason archaeological sites and artefacts always have to be dug up and why some of the outer stones of the famous Stonehenge have already started to disappear. Only in very dry environments, with little or no earthworms, are artefacts sometimes found on the surface.
It’s not easy to identify earthworms, but there may be as many as 6 000 species, divided into three groups. The endogeists live in permanent burrows as deep as 3m to 4m underground.
The familiar anageists live in shallower soil and a few epigeic species live above ground, under leaf litter on the forest-floor. Some of the deep-dwellers grow very large, like Microchaetus rappi from the Eastern Cape, growing to over 50cm, but that’s nothing compared to a giant earthworm found at Vernon Crooks Nature Reserve in KwaZulu-Natal, of which very little is known and which has been measured at 2,6m and over 10mm in diameter. Only about 20 species have been well-researched worldwide. One of the most well-known and -propagated is Eisenia fetida, known under various common names, including redworms, tiger worms and red Kariba worms.
Breeding Red Wrigglers as Fishing Bait
They are kept and bred all over the world because despite being small, they are super fishing worms. When handled they produce a yellow fluid with a pungent odour, which to a fish spells food. In the US they even breed them especially for this secretion to flavour artificial plastic worms. This is an epigeic species that in nature is rarely found in soil, preferring conditions where other worms can’t survive. It thrives in an environment of decaying organic material and, unlike indigenous species, it’s very hardy in captivity and breeds well under the right conditions. If you start with 1kg of worms, it can double in about 90 days, but most people trying to breed them don’t understand their requirements.