Natural Farming

Natural farming is an ecological farming approach established by Masanobu Fukuoka (1913 – 2008), a Japanese farmer and philosopher who described his way of farming as shizen nōhō in Japanese. It is also referred to as “the Fukuoka Method”, “the natural way of farming” or “do-nothing farming”.

The title refers not to lack of labor, but to the avoidance of manufactured inputs and equipment. Natural farming can also be described as ecological farming and is related to fertility farming, organic farming, sustainable agriculture, agroforestry, ecoagriculture and permaculture but should be distinguished from biodynamic agriculture.


Masanobu Fukuoka

Masanobu Fukuoka is a farmer/philosopher who lived on the Island of Shikoku, in S Japan. His farming technique requires no machines, no chemicals and very little weeding. He does not plow the soil or use prepared compost and yet the condition of the soil in his orchards and fields improve each year.

Fukuoka distilled natural farming into five principles:

  • No tillage
  • No fertilizer
  • No pesticides (or herbicides)
  • No weeding
  • No pruning

Principally, natural farming minimises human labour. Without plowing, seeds germinate well on the surface if site conditions meet the needs of the seeds planted there. Fukuoka used the presence of spiders in his fields as a key performance indicator of sustainability.
One Straw Revolution.


Han Kyu Cho

Natural Farming with IMO is a distinctive approach to organic farming practiced successfully in more than 30 countries, in home gardens and on a commercial scale. Mr. Han Kyu Cho formulated and fine-tuned these practices for 40 years and has trained over 18,000 people at the Janong Natural Farming Institute (

The dedicated work of Dr. Hoon Park brought Natural Farming to Hawaii. Dr. Park was in South Korea doing missionary work and noticed commercial piggeries with virtually no smell that were using Natural Farming methods. As he learned more about these practices, he realized that they could help eliminate hunger and poverty in extremely poor parts of the world. He came back to Hawaii, his home, and began giving classes for free.

Natural Farming is unique in that it is not meant to be commercialized, but rather practiced by individual farmers, with cheap, easily available ingredients, and microbes or mycorrhizae indigenous to each locale.
Rooftop Ecology.


Natural Farmers use No Pesticides, No Herbicides, No Tillage, No Chemical Fertilizers, No Polution. Farming inputs are made by farmers, from local resources. Natural Farming cares for the crops and livestock according to the “Nutritive Cycle Theory.” It is a theory that enables Natural Farmers to provide inputs according to the changing growth stages of a plant or animal. Natural Farmers apply fertilizer, feed, or prescription precisely according to this cycle.

All Natural Farming inputs are made by the farmers utilizing only natural materials. Even though Natural Farmers do not use chemicals sold in the market, their inputs have enough effect to supercede them.

Natural Farmers Natural Inputs include:

  • Effective Microorganisms (EM) are a liquid culture of specific “facultative anaerobic” microbes which provide excellent benefits for an organic garden. EM create an abundance of antioxidants, control the breakdown of organic matter, and according to some people, are an extremely positive energy force.
  • Bokashi means fermented organic matter in Japanese. Bokashi composting uses a selected group of microorganisms, known as effective microorganisms cultured into an organic base of wheat bran or sawdust; to anaerobically ferment organic waste. The fermentation process breaks the organic matter down in a closed system, and the process is consequently odor free without insects or smells. Unlike more conventional composting systems bokashi systems can decompose items like meat, fish, cheese and citrus.
  • Indigenous Microorganism (IMO) improves soil condition and health, by reviving soil nutrients.
  • Fermented Plant Juice (FPJ) is a fermented extract of the plant’s blood and chlorophylls, producing a rich enzyme solution full of these bacteria; invigorating plants and animals.
  • Oriental Herbal Nutrient (OHN) is a herbal nutrient made from herbs valued in oriental medicine. In combination with other inputs (FPJ and BRV) it will wipe out powdery mildew and downy mildew when sprayed on leaves. It will also make seeds stronger.
  • Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) is a natural digester of organic matter, recycler of nutrients, foul odor arrestor, suppressant of pathogens in the soil and on plant surfaces.
  • Fish Amino Acid (FAA) is a liquid made from fish trash. It contains abundant amounts of nutrients and various types of amino acids. It is absorbed directly by the crops and it stimulates the activity of microorganisms.
  • Water-soluble Calcium (WCA) is used for better plant growth, health, pest and disease controls.
  • Water-soluble Calcium Phosphate (WCP) is used for better plant growth, health, pest and disease controls. If your soil microbiology is weak the plant suffers being unable to access the calcium phosphate.
  • Insect Attractant (IA) is a mixture of mascuvado sugar and vinegar placed inside a recycled plastic container, improvised for the purpose, and place in strategic position advantageous to catch flies, insects, etc.

SQWorms Natural Farming Reports.