Educ v Breeding

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According to Ntokozo Khumalo, a business writer, producer for CNBC Africa, Africa Business Review and eNCA Africa Edition, the ANC’s motives for granting poor people welfare grants –– particularly the Child Assistance Grant — is to breed poverty stricken voters (and if required in any future civil war, cannon fodder) for the ANC[1].

“So why exactly is the government giving poor people welfare child support grants, if it will not make any real difference in most welfare earning homes? Why Would you want to earn your keep when you have the opportunity to raise the country’s population – and get paid for it?! Then it hit me! politics. The ANC and more specifically, our dear ol’ president Jacob Zuma will be guaranteed millions of votes thanks to this sly move.”

[1] Ntokozo Khumalo (29 November 2012): When Welfare is a curse; News 24; [Copy at: WR: Ntokozo Khumalo: The dirty — breeding war — games the SA government plays to win voters.]

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  1. Your Name, profession and area in George where you live.
  2. What is the size of George’s population?
  3. Are you aware of the ANC’s Child Support Grant Welfare policy?
  4. If you were poor, would you prefer a grant to (a) breed more children, or (b) to go to college or university?
  5. Why do you think the ANC give poor people grants to breed, but not to refrain from breeding to first go to college or university?
  6. Should the Government encourage poor people to get an education, or breed more children?
  7. Any other eco-population questions or issues you think should be asked?

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Between 2004/05 and 2007/08 the number of individual income taxpayers in South Africa grew from 4.3 million to 5.3 million – an increase of 23%.

In 2004/05 there were 7.8 million social grant recipients. That number increased to 12.3 million by 2007/08 or by 57%.

In 2004/2005, for every one taxpayer there were 1.82 social grant recipients. This ratio subsequently increased. In 2005/2006 there were 2.33 grant recipients for every individual taxpayer and in 2006/2007 the number was 2.39.

In 2010 South Africa had 13.8 million people on welfare and 5 million taxpayers.[1]

In 2011 South Africa had 15 million people receiving welfare grants, which cost about R100 billion a year, and amounted to 15% of the budget or 3.8% of the GDP; supported by the income received from about 6 million registered tax-payers.[2]

The magnitude of the social welfare system in South Africa is evidenced by the rapid increase in beneficiaries from 2,889,443 in April 1997 to 13,114,033 in April 2009.   South Africa has the highest expenditure on social assistance in the world, which further emphasizes the massive scale of SA’s social welfare system.[3]

The Child Support Grant (CSG) was introduced in April 1998 to replace the Child Maintenance Grant.  The transition to the CSG resulted in an outlay of a higher number of smaller grants.

Accessibility to the grant has increased significantly since its introduction because the age of eligibility of reception has expanded.  When the grant was first introduced, it was limited to children up to the age of 6; as of April 2005, children up to 14 years of age are eligible.  This grant accounts for 31 percent of social assistance expenditures and therefore is the second largest grant in the country (Seekings 2008).

The CSG is a non-conditional means-tested cash transfer and provides R250 (31.93 USD) per month per child to the head of the household and is eligible to single caregivers with a monthly income threshold of up to R2500 (319.26 USD) and up to R5000 (638.50 USD) for married caregivers.  As of February 2010 the number of beneficiaries for the Child Support Grant reached 9,474,281 (Van Der Berg & Siebrits 2010).

A breakdown of beneficiaries receiving child support for their biological children showed[4]:

* 1 child –-  2 738 113 beneficiaries
* 2 children  –  1 656 343
* 3 children –-  702 179
* 4 children –-  244 364
* 5 children –-  74 643
* 6 -10 children –-  24 224
* 10 or more children –-  2

[1] TimesLive (01 July 2010): SA employment situation desperate: economist
[2] (1) SA Survey 2009/2010. SA Institute of Race Relations, (2) 2011 Budget Review.
[3] Is Welfare that encourages breeding, curing or causing poverty in South Africa? (Social Welfare in South Africa: Curing or Causing Poverty, by Rebecca Potts, American University)
[4] IOL (25 July 2012): Child Support fraud remains rife in SA.

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In 2010, Teachers, nurses, policemen and soldiers are among 13 000 public servants and civilians who have been convicted of swindling the state out of R 191.3 million through fraudulent welfare-grant claims.

Social Development Minister Edna Molewa said that, of the 13 145 people convicted so far, 7 829 were public servants and 5 316 were civilians.[1]

[1] IOL (20 May 2010): Welfare fraud costs SA R191-million.

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Asanda, Security Guard in York St., lives in Thembalethu

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Goodwill, Student at Van Kerwel High School

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